Berlinale honorary Golden Bear and homage for Claude Lanzmann
Friday, November 30, 2012 11:27:29 AM (IST)
Rajesh Kumar Singh, Bollywood Trade Editorial
The octogenarian French documentary filmmaker and producer Claude Lanzmann will be presented an honorary Golden Bear for his lifetime achievement at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival (Berlianle). The Festival will also pay homage to him by screening all the six of his films.
“Claude Lanzmann is one of the great documentarists. With his depictions of inhumanity and violence, of antisemitism and its consequences, he created a new kind of cinematic and ethical exploration. We feel honoured to honour him,” said Berlinale director Dieter Kosslick.
Born in Paris in 1925 to Jewish parents, Claude Lanzmann fought in the Résistance, studied philosophy in France and Germany, and held a lectureship at the then newly founded Freie Universität Berlin in 1948/49. He was an active supporter of the Algerian independence movement in the early 1960s.
Claude Lanzmann's film SHOAH (1985) made cinematic history as an unparalleled masterpiece of commemorative culture. The nine-and-a-half hour documentary on the genocide of European Jews was screened in the Berlinale Forum in 1986 and received numerous international awards. The preparation and film work for SHOAH lasted nearly twelve years. In the film, Lanzmann shows only interviews with survivors and witnesses of the Shoah, including perpetrators, and visits sites of extermination, vividly calling into consciousness the unfathomable horrors of the Nazi genocide.
Lanzmann worked primarily as a journalist until the early 1970s, and remains the publisher of the magazine ‘Les Temps Modernes’, founded by Jean-Paul Sartre, to this day. During the 1960s he belonged to the circle of intellectuals surrounding Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.
His first cinematic work was made in 1972, the documentary POURQUOI ISRAËL (Israel, Why; France 1973), in which he illustrates the necessity of Israel's founding from the Jewish perspective. In the film TSAHAL, which screened in the 1995 Berlinale Forum, he focuses on women and men who serve in the Israeli Army. SOBIBOR, 14 OCTOBRE 1943, 16 HEURES (France 2001), about the 1943 revolt in the Sobibor extermination camp in Poland, was also screened in the Berlinale Forum, in 2002. Among Claude Lanzmann’s cinematic works are further films dealing with the genocide of European Jews and its living witnesses.
Claude Lanzmann is one of the most important protagonists of the political-intellectual life of our time. He published his memoirs in 2009 under the title ‘The Patagonian Hare’ (‘Welt’-Literaturpreis 2010, awarded by German newspaper ‘Die Welt’), in which he elaborates with striking literary skill on his personal and political life story, including the years-long development process of his cinematic masterpiece SHOAH.
FILMS IN THE HOMAGE:
POURQUOI ISRAËL (Israel, Why; France 1973)
TSAHAL (France/Germany 1994)
UN VIVANT QUI PASSE (A Visitor from the Living; France 1997)
SOBIBOR, 14 octobre 1943, 16 heures (France 2001)
LE RAPPORT KARSKI (The Karski Report; France 2010)
(Rajesh Kumar Singh is Editorial Consultant for Festivals and Markets for BollywoodTrade.com. He is a filmmaker, critic and market analyst)
Tags : Berlinale honorary Golden Bear, Claude Lanzmann, HEURES, SHOAH